Like many other traditional foods of the past, the origin of baklava is difficult to narrow down since every ethnic group with ancestry connected to the Middle East has some claim to this delicious pastry.  It seems generally accepted that Baklava was first made by the Assyrians around 8th century B.C., who layered nuts with unleavened flat bread and drenched with honey.

The type of nuts or syrup ingredients often suggest the origin of the recipe. Syrup with rose water and cardamom is most likely be from Iran or Arab countries. While syrup with cinnamon and cloves is more associated with characteristic of the cuisines of the former Ottoman Empire and those of the western part of the Middle East. The Greeks version is often more walnut heavy.

I’ve had them all! Persian, Greek and Turkish baklava are all sumptuous in their own way. The Persian iteration  with the saffron + pistachios reminds of my Grandmother. The Greek variety takes me back to a wonderful trip to Mykonos a couple of years ago.

In a cafe in water-front restaurant in Mykonosimg_20140809_170208


At the top of the world in magical Santorini

In Istanbul, the honey on the baklava had a unique flavor, served with a rich cream. It was really enjoyable with tea or Turkish coffee of course!img_20151005_000044

So I decided to create my own version taking a bit of inspiration from each culture. What can I say, I like the harmony of honey and nuts and dough. After all, there is a reason in ancient times Baklava was considered the food of the Gods!

My version with recipe below. The layering requires a bit of patience and time but the end result is well worth the effort.



The Steps:

Lightly grease a 9×13 pan and preheat oven to 350°F.

Thaw phyllo dough according to manufacturer’s directions.

When thawed, roll out the dough and cut the dough in half so the sheets will fit in the pan. Cover with a damp towel to keep it from drying out.

Process the nuts until in small, even sized pieces.

Combine with sugar, cinnamon, and cloves.


In a separate bowl, melt the butter in the microwave or stovetop w/out browning.

Place  sheet of phyllo dough into the pan. Brush phyllo sheet with melted butter. Repeat 7 more times until it is 8 sheets thick, each sheet being “painted” with the butter.

Spoon on a thin layer of the nut mixture.

Cover with two more sheets of phyllo, brushing each one with butter.

Continue to repeat the nut mixture and two buttered sheets of phyllo until the nut mixture is all used up.

The top layer should be 8 phyllo sheets thick, each sheet being individually buttered.

Don’t worry if the sheets crinkle up a bit, it’ll just add more texture.

Cut into 24 equal sized squares using a sharp knife. Bake at 350°F for 30-35 minutes or until lightly golden brown, and edges appear slightly crisp.

While baking, make the syrup.

Combine the cinnamon stick, sugar, lemon juice, rosewater honey, and water in a saucepan. Bring to a boil, then reduce to medium-low heat and simmer for 7 minutes until slightly thickened.

Remove the cinnamon stick and allow to cool.

8 Spoon the cooled syrup over the hot baklava and let cool for at least 4 hours. Garnish with some finely crushed pistachios of desired.



The Ingredients:

For Baklava:

1 lb. of chopped nuts (almonds, walnuts, or pistachios are best, or use a combination of them)
1 lb of phyllo dough
1 cup of butter, melted
1/3 cup of sugar
1 teaspoon of ground cinnamon
1/3 teaspoon of ground cloves

Finely ground pistachios for garnish

For Syrup:

1 cup of water
1 cup of sugar
1/2 cup of honey
2 tablespoons of lemon juice
1 cinnamon stick

1 teaspoon Rosewater (optional but adds a wonderful fragrance and subtle sweetness)



Musical Inspiration-

Soap Kills – Cheftak


One thought on “Baklava

  1. Pingback: Istanbul | Basil and roses

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